The purpose of this 47th annual AIPR workshop continues to be the gathering of researchers from government, industry, and academia for technical interchange across a broad range of disciplines. The papers span the range from research to fielded systems and provide to scientists, developers, and managers alike, a broad vision of the applicability of image analysis and machine learning technologies. Imaging and earth observation datasets at the petabyte scale are now available in commercial clouds, with new sensors spanning the electromagnetic spectrum being deployed rapidly. Making use of this mass of images is leading to the development of novel image handling techniques. This includes unique methods of acquiring, storing, representing, retrieving, analyzing, and manipulating large amounts of image and video data in two or more dimensions. The 2018 IEEE AIPR Workshop will explore these intersections and synergies between imaging, big data, cloud computing, and hardware advances.